Ingredient Glossary

 
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MyChelle Dermaceuticals uses only the finest ingredients available in the creation of its skin care product line. This glossary will help you to understand the ingredients we use, and why we use them.

*= NOP Certified Organic


Acanthopanax Senticosus (Eleuthero) Root Extract: Anti-inflammatory, improves cellular immunity, exhibits anti-viral properties.

Acer Saccharum (Sugar Maple) Extract: Naturally occurring alpha hydroxy acids to help promote smoother, younger looking skin by increasing the rate of cell renewal. Stimulates the lymphatic system to encourage detoxification and skin purifying. Exhibits astringent and tightening properties while relieving congestion and limiting excess sebum (oil).

Acetyl Hexapeptide-8 (Argireline™): A neuropeptide derived from natural proteins that is proven to reduce – up to 30% - the depth of the wrinkles in the face caused by the contraction of the muscles of facial expression, especially around the eyes, forehead and mouth region. This 6 amino acid chain works by inhibiting the release of neurotransmitters which relax facial muscle contractions without paralyzing facial muscles.

Acetyl Tetrapeptide-2 (Thymulen®4): A biomimetic peptide designed to compensate for the natural loss of thymoproietin (youth protein). Stimulates the creation macrophages and Langerhans cells (part of the immune response system) and reinvigorates the epidermis’ ability to regenerate. These two modes of action lead to a reinforced defense system and promote epidermal restructuring.

Acetyl Tetrapeptide-5 (Eyeseryl®): An amino acid chain used to stimulate detoxification processes to eliminate excess fluid retention and blood stagnation, regulates peripheral bloodflow to reduce the appearance of dark circles and bruising, provides anti-inflammatory effects to reduce edema and stagnant blood flow, alleviates dark circles and puffiness in the eye area, provides decongesting action.

Actindia Chinensis (Kiwi) Fruit Extract: Rich in phytonutrients, minerals, vitamins C & E. Contains alpha linolenic acid which helps skin retain moisture.

Aesculus Hippocastanum (Horse Chestnut) Bark Extract: Strengthens capillaries, prevents capillary leakage to alleviate edema, astringent, reduces lysosomal enzyme activity to encourage healthy circulation, inhibits collagenase and elastase enzymes to prevent aging.

Agave Tequilana (Blue Agave) Leaf Extract: Exhibits skin soothing properties, especially beneficial to ease the discomfort of a sun burn. Historically used to clear blemishes, soothe itches and maintain healthy skin.

Alcohol Denatured* (Organic Grain): Non-drying denatured alcohol used to emulsify fats.

Allantoin (Comfrey Root): Assists in tissue growth, provides anti-irritant action to relieve sensitivities. Protects from UV damage. Possesses moisturising, healing, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and antioxidant properties.

Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice Powder*: Assists in pain relief and reducing inflammation, re-hydrates and improves the skin’s natural UV absorption capabilities.

Alpha Arbutin (Uva Ursi Extract): Inhibits Tyrosinase to limit the production of Melanin, provides natural skin lightening actions to relieve visible pigmentation disorders.

Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) (Amino Acid from Plants): Inhibits the production of oxygen free radicals (antioxidant), assists in reducing skin discolourations.

Aminoguanidine HCL (Vegetable): Chealates oxygen free radicals to reduce damage from reactive species, maintains healthy collagen structures and improves the resistance of extra-cellular matrix compounds from breakdown, anti-aging,inhibits cross-linking of collagen by preventing glucose cross linking that causes wrinkles, improves cellular immunity and prevents DNA damage.

Ananas Sativus (Pineapple) Fruit Extract: Purifies and moisturises, provides antifungal and anti-inflammatory actions, reduces the cohesion of corneocytes (exfoliates), improves elasticity and suppleness.

Anthemis Nobilis (Chamomile) Flower Extract: Excellent in the treatment of acne, redness and inflammation, soothes and restores traumatisedskin, contains azulene which reduces inflammation, rich in polyphenols that assist in skin healing and reducing capillary fragility, phenols provide additional healing and skin clarification (relieves congestion).

Anthemis Nobilis (Chamomile) Flower Oil
: Rich in alpha-bisobolol, soothes and restores calm to the skin, relieves rashes and eczema, anti-inflammatory actions.

Aphanizomenon Flos-Aquae Powder* (Blue Green Algae): Hydrates and normalises dehydrated skin, remineralises skin tissues with Oligo elements that fortify and strengthen the skin.

Aqua (Water): Affects the base texture of a formula, hydrates the skin.

Argania Spinosa (Argan) Kernel Oil: Tree indigenous to South Morocco, rich in poly-unsaturated fatty acids (including linoleic acid, omega-6) and natural tocopherols, nourishing, regenerating and protective. Excellent anti-free radical effect for a preventive anti-ageing effect. Nourishes dry skin by helping to restore the skin barrier. A seboregulator for greasy skin imparting an extraordinary softness and silky feel.

Arginine (L): Amino acid that promotes woundhealing support, improves cellular immunity, detoxifies aging agents from the skin, prevents lipid peroxidation, guards against skin wrinkling and loss of firmness.

Arnica Montana Flower Extract: Acts as a stimulant to improve cellular respiration and circulation, highly anti-inflammatory, provides pain relief associated with skin irritations.

Ascophyllum Nodosum Extract: A marine plant-based extract shown to reduce pigment of synthesized melanin. Stimulates cellular renewal, encouraging the elimination of melanin migrating it towards the stratum corneum. Provides protection against free radicals while defending cellular membranes.

Ascorbic Acid (L): Water soluble Vitamin C, antioxidant, strengthens collagen, assists in brightening, provide’s anti-wrinkle effects / smoothes skin texture, heals wounds, and prevents scarring.

Aspalathus Linearis (Rooibos) Extract*: Antioxidant, soothes and repairs damaged skin, promotes anti-allergic activities, excellent for sensitive and allergic skin conditions.

Astaxanthin (BioAstin™): A carotenoid that is derived from oceanic sources (volcanic seaweed), protects collagen and prevents cross-linkages, boosts the effects of beta carotene and Coenzyme Q10, provides intensive antioxidant actions.

Azadirachta Indica (Neem) Leaf Extract: Provides intensive antibacterial actions to prevent the spread of infectious material associated with acne, natural antiseptic.

Azelaic Acid (Potato): Inhibits tyrosinase activity to reduce pigmentation spotting related to breakouts, treats mild to moderate acne (both inflammatory and comedonal), reduces bacteria growth in the follicles, scavenges free radicals.

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Bambusa Arundinacea (Bamboo) Stem Powder: Polishes skin, buffs away surface debris, assists in clearing clogged pores to alleviate future breakouts.

Behenyl Alcohol: Saturated fatty alcohol that provides antiviral actions. From non-GMO rapeseed oil.

Bellis Perennis (Daisy) Flower Extract: Brightening and vivifying extract that infuses the skin with various phytochemicals that keep the skin healthy and free from malfunction.

Bentonite: A mineral rich natural clay that absorbs excess oil and reduces surface shine, provides soothing and healing benefits, remineralises the skin to promote healthy cell functions.

Benzyl Alcohol
: Used as preservative with anti-bacterial qualities, pH adjuster, and solvent.

Beta-carotene (D):Boosts the skins immune system, converts to Vitamin A (Pro-Vitamin A), provides antioxidant actions particularly in the fatty regions of the cells, guards against the oxidation of certain fatty acids, improves cellular communications.

Beta Vulgaris (Beet) Root Extract: Antioxidant, high in betaine, highly cleansing and purifying, increases hydration levels to prevent dehydration.

Biotin (D):Vitamin B7, assists in the production of fatty acids and amino acids that maintain strong protein fibers, assists in the metabolism of Leucine, which assists in the growth and repair of skin tissues.

Boswellia Serrata Leaf Cell Extract: Stimulates cellular regeneration, tightens and tones through astringent actions, revitalises oxygen deprived tissues, provides anti-inflammatory effects.

Brassica Campestris (Rapeseed) Seed Oil: Reduces toxin accumulation, antimicrobial and antiseptic, relieves skin eruptions, reduces swelling and inflammation.

Brassica Campestris/Aleurites Fordii Oil Copolymer: Plant oils flash heated in a vacuum to create a copolymer. This ingredient creates viscosity and emolliency in the lipgloss and gloss sticks.

Bromelain: An enzyme that dissolves deadened cellular debris to refresh and refinish the skins texture, promotes a revitalised complexion by inspiring heightened cellular renewal, assists in pore clearing.

Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter)*: Alleviates dryness, reduces erythema, provides antioxidant protection, soothes and relieves tight dry skin.

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C 18–36 Acid Triglyceride (Vegetable Based Emollient): Replenishes lipids and promotes ceramide vitality.

Caffeine (Green Coffee): Acts as a skin stimulant that promotes circulation, lymphatic drainage and ingredient assimilation, reduces fatty deposits.

Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract: Improves circulation, rich in flavonoids and saponins that promote healing and repair, acts as an anti-inflammatory, prevents tissue degeneration, heightens the metabolism of proteins and collagen during the healing process.

Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract*: Rich in polyphenols such as EGCG that prevent free radical damage, reduces inflammation, inhibits destructive enzymes that break down healthy collagen fibers (improves firmness / elasticity), provides photo-protective benefits.

Cananga Odorata (Ylang Ylang) Flower Oil: Effectively works to alleviate conditions associated with over active oil production, a popular remedy in treating oily and impure skin types, slows oil production.

Cannabis Sativa (Hemp) Seed Oil*: Rich in Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids to remoisturise and improve barrier function, restores the recycling of Vitamin E while providing antioxidant protections.

Caprooyl Tetrapeptide-3 (ChroNOline™): A bio-mimetic tetrapeptide which boosts the production of key components at the dermal/epidermal junction including collagen VII, laminin-5 and fibronectin for optimal skin structural support. Clinically proven to provide outstanding reduction of the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles after only 28 days. Skin looks smoother, firmer and more even for a younger rested look.

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride (Coconut): Increases the skins permeability to encourage thorough penetration of active ingredients, enhances lipid barrier function, improves spreadability.

Caprylyl Glycol (Coconut): An eco friendly broad spectrum preservative with bactericidal actions, hydrating benefits.

Carnosine (L)
: A naturally occurring amino acid that acts as a “super” antioxidant to protect from lipid peroxidation, promotes skin rejuvenation and anti-aging actions.

Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower) Seed Oil*: Rich in essential fatty acids that regulate moisture retention for deep moisturising capabilities, provides slip and glide for comfortable application.

Cassia Angustifolia Seed Polysaccharide (Indian Senna): Water soluble polysaccharide that provides extended moisture and promotes cell regeneration.

Castor Isostearate Beeswax Succinate: A castor oil derived copolymer that moisturises and increases wear time.

Centella Asiatica (Gotu Kola) Extract*: Antioxidant, improves collagen content, renews collagen related to weakened connective tissues, prevents scar tissue formation by slowing down excessive collagen production at wound sites, stimulates circulation and the oxygenation of skin tissues.

Centella Asiatica Meristem (Gotu Kola) Stem Cell Culture: Stem cells efficiently inhibit hyaluronidase up to 90% protecting natural levels of hyaluronic acid to maintain healthy levels of skin hydration, tone, firmness and elasticity. Useful in the control of inflammation and blood vessel tone and permeability due to ability to inhibit certain components responsible for the inflammation response.

Cera Alba (Beeswax): Anti-inflammatory, anti-allergenic, anti-oxidant, anti–bactericidal, germicidal, & skin softening. Emulsifier. Helps lock in skins own natural moisture, and creates a protective, long lasting barrier against elements as opposed to petroleum waxes, which strip skin of its natural moisture.

Cereus Grandiflorus (Cactus) Flower Extract: Hydrates and remineralises the skin, antioxidant.

Cetearyl Alcohol (Coconut): Non-drying emulsifier, moisturiser, and emollient effective for water-in-oil/oil-in-water formulas.

Cetearyl Glucoside (Coconut):  An emulsifier that is also used to aid the skin in moisture retention.

Cetearyl Olivate
: An emulsifier derived from olive oil to soften and smooth skin.

Cetyl Alcohol (Coconut): Natural alcohol acts as a carrier agent and emollient.

Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract
: Skin emollient, soothes and restores traumatisedskin, contains azulene which reduces inflammation, rich in polyphenols and phytochemicals, strengthens capillary walls.

Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Oil: Exhibits anti-inflammatory, skin-soothing and antibacterial properties.

Chlorophyll (L): Purifies and detoxifies.

Chlorophyllin (Chlorophyll): Derivative of chlorophyll, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, antioxidant, stimulates cell growth in wound healing.

Cholesteryl Stearate/Carbonate Complex: Derived from coconut, it provides ultimate protections from cellular damage and aging, provides both preventative and corrective actions to moisturise and improve the skin’s overall quality.

Cinnamomum Zeylanicum (Cinnamon) Bark Extract: Antioxidant, rich in polyphenols that assist in tissue repair.

Cinnamomum Zeylanicum (Cinnamon) Leaf Oil: Acts as a topical analgesic to soothe skin irritations, provides antiseptic and astringent benefits, provides antibiotic actions to reduce the spread of infection, stimulates circulation.

Citra: Essential oil that provides therapeutic effects while also providing a natural fresh scent in the product, astringent, liposolvent and clarifying.

Citric Acid:  Slows oxidation process, naturally adjusts the pH of products, improves brightness and coloration while mildly reducing wrinkles.

Citronellol: Extracted from the oils of Rose, it provides regenerative essential oil benefits while naturally scenting a product.

Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Oil*: A natural essential oil that cleanses oily skin and purifies the pores, naturally scents products.

Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Fruit Extract: Naturally occurring alpha hydroxy acids to help promote smoother, younger looking skin by increasing the rate of cell renewal. Stimulates the lymphatic system to encourage detoxification and skin purifying. Exhibits astringent and tightening properties while relieving congestion and limiting excess sebum (oil).

Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Sweet Orange) Oil*: Soothing, astringent.

Citrus Aurantium ssp. Amara (Neroli) Oil: Antiseptic, bactericide, emollient, aromatherapeutic, provides MMPi protection against protein metabolising enzymes.

Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Seed Extract
: Possess antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-fungal properties.

Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Peel Oil*: Naturally occurring alpha hydroxy acids to help promote smoother, younger looking skin by increasing the rate of cell renewal. Stimulates the lymphatic system to encourage detoxification and skin purifying. Exhibits astringent and tightening properties while relieving congestion and limiting excess sebum (oil).

Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon) Fruit Extract: Naturally occurring alpha hydroxy acids to help promote smoother, younger looking skin by increasing the rate of cell renewal. Stimulates the lymphatic system to encourage detoxification and skin purifying. Exhibits astringent and tightening properties while relieving congestion and limiting excess sebum (oil).

Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon Zest) Peel: Astringent, antioxidant, provides brightening effects by inhibiting melanin synthesis, rich in limonene which reduces abnormal cell growth, provides antibacterial effects.

Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon) Fruit Oil*: Anti-inflammatory, soothes the skin and normalises oil balance.

Citrus Paradisi (Pink Grapefruit) Peel Oil*
: Stimulates the lymphatic system to encourage detoxification and skin purifying, astringent and tightening, relieves congestion and limits excess oil.

Citrus Racemosa (White Grapefruit) Peel Oil*: Astringent and tonifying, purifies and relieves skin congestion.

Citrus Reticulata (Red Mandarin) Leaf Oil: A citrus evergreen tree derivative that is rich in protective terpenes that reduce cellular damage.

Citrus Sinensis var. Sanguina (Blood Orange) Oil: Rich in terpenes that provide antioxidant actions.

Citrus Tangerina (Tangerine) Peel Oil*: Promotes a radiant and glowing complexion, astringent and soothing.

Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultaine (Coconut Oil): Provides natural gentle cleansing without causing dryness or irritation.

Coco-Caprylate/Caprate: A mixture of esters from coconut oil that provide lubrication and antimicrobial properties.

Cocos Nucifera (Coconut Cream) Fruit
: Rich in vitamins, minerals and fatty acids, normalises lipid barriers, smooths and softens the skin, high Vitamin E content acts as an antioxidant and moisturises the skin, provides filmogenic protections.

Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil*:  Deeply penetrating moisturiser and anti-oxidant. Excellent skin moisturising delivery system; carries the benefits of other ingredients into the skin. Beneficial for dehydrated, itchy and sensitive skin. Won’t clog pores.

Coffea Arabica (Green Coffee) Leaf/Seed Extract
: Antioxidant, analgesic, anti-viral action, anti-dermatitis, and cancer prevention. Topical application of caffeine can decrease the thickness of subcutaneous fat.

Collagen (Marine Oligopeptides): Assists in renewing skin cells, provides repairing actions, encourages elasticity, promotes anti-wrinkle actions, mineralising and strengthening.

Collinsonia Canadensis (Stone Root) Extract: Strengthens the structure and functions of capillaries to improve blood flow, vitamin assimilation and circulation.

Copper Tripeptide-1(Mineral): Responsible for skin remodeling actions, rebuilds the skins protective barrier, activates the removal of damaged proteins and scar tissue, stimulates collagen and elastin production, activates the natural production of superoxide dismutase, increases the content of proteoglycans within the skin to improve water holding capabilities.

Cucumis Melo (Melon) Fruit Extract: Rich in Vitamin C, beta-carotene and anthocyanins that prevent collagen cross linkages.

Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Fruit Extract:  Provides soothing and cooling effects to ease irritated skin, has been shown to be moisture-binding, moisture-regulating with softening properties, anti-inflammatory, anti-pruritic, bleaching effects, and improves flavonoid protections, nourishes the skin.

Cucurbita Pepo (Fermented Pumpkin Juice): Promotes even exfoliation by maintaining constant hydration and bacteria that convert elements into lactic acid to re-hydrate the skin. Anti-aging, infuses the skin with phytochemicals and fortifying compounds that strengthens cellular responses, bio-available nutrients, rich in enzymes.

Cucurbita Pepo (Pumpkin) Seed Oil*: Antioxidant, lipid balancing oil that infuses the skin with phytochemicals that prevent disease while lipids normalise the lipid barrier to protect from infection.

Cucurbita Pepo (Pumpkin)*
: Antioxidant, infuses the skin with phytochemicals and fortifying compounds that strengthens cellular responses, accelerates exfoliation processes.

Curcuma Longa (Turmeric) Root Extract: Strengthens the capillaries through vaso-tonic actions, relieves inflammation, provides antioxidant protections.

Cyamopsis Tetragonoloba (Guar Bean) Gum: Used as emulsifier and thickener.

Cyanocobalamin: Water soluble Vitamin B12 vitamin, synthesizes cellular DNA, modulates energy release, maintains healthy nerve cells.

Cyclodextrin: An oligosaccharide from plant starch that improves surface hydration and smoothness.

Cymbopogon Martini (Palmarosa) Oil: Balances hydration levels and moisturises the skin, helping to prevent wrinkles. Keeps skin elastic and supple by stimulating cell regeneration and rejuvenation. Also balances production of sebum while aiding with broken veins, acne, dermatitis and prevents scar formation.

Cymbopogon Schoenanthus (Lemongrass) Oil*
: May normalise oil production, antioxidant, antiviral, antibacterial, aromatherapeutic.

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Decyl Glucosides Hydroxypropyl Sulfonate (Coconut): Provides soothing and smoothing properties, acts as a non-ionic surfactant for gentle skin cleansing.

Deuterium Oxide (D2O from naturally occurring deep ocean water): Prevents trans-epidermal water loss, known as “heavy water” it penetrates deeply into the skin to re-hydrate, plumps and balances the skin, resistant to free radical transportation, accelerates tissue growth and healing.

Dextran (Sugar): Polysaccharides that bind water to improve hydration levels in the skin.

Diacetyl Boldine (Chilean Boldo Tree): Improves skin luminosity and clarity, promotes bright skin contours, reduces epidermal hyperpigmentation, stabilizes Tyrosinase in its in-active form as opposed to inhibiting its production.

Dihydroxyacetone (Sugar): A simple carbohydrate that is derived from beets and sugar cane that provides a sunless tanning action to give the skin a sunkissed glow.

Dicaprylyl Ether (Coconut): An ether that is a skin-conditioning agent; an emollient.

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Elaeis Guineensis (Palm) Oil: Rich in lipids to assist in repairing the acid mantle of the skin, regulates healthy pH balance.

Epilobium Angustifolium (Canadian Willowherb) Extract
:  Effective against acne bacteria, anti-inflammatory, anti-irritant, antioxidant, anti-microbial, anti-viral, cleansing. Acts as a natural analgesic, mimics hydrocortisone to sooth discomfort.

Equisetum Arvense (Horsetail) Extract: Rebuilds connective tissues, improves cellular regeneration and increases collagen and elastin bio-synthesis.

Ergothioneine (L): Natural antioxidant and amino acid, prevents damage caused by UV radiation, recycles vitamin C, assures efficient energy production, inhibits tyrosinase.

Erythrulose (Sugar): A high performance self tanning agent derived from sugar that encourages an even, long lasting tanning effect, protects against UV damage while keeping the skin moist.

Eugenia Caryophyllus (Clove) Leaf Oil*: Stimulates tissue growth, relieves dark circles around the eyes, repairs damaged skin.

Eugenol: A powerful essential oil derived from Cinnamon and Clove that provides antiseptic and analgesic actions while assists the skin in improving its natural UV absorption to reduce environmental damage.

Euterpe Oleracea (Acai) Fruit Extract: Known as “super berry”, rich in vitamins B1, B2, B3, C and E, over 30 times stronger as an antioxidant than red wine, detoxifies, improves cellular regeneration and immunity, balances healthy lipids.

Euterpe Oleracea (Acai) Fruit Oil
: Rich in polyphenols, phytosterols and Omega 3 and 9 essential fatty acids, balances lipid activity, promotes skin repair and membrane stability.

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Flavour/Aroma: Phalate-free scents to enhance olfactory senses.

Folic Acid: Vitamin B9, improves the health and production of red blood cells and skin cells, B vitamin.

Fructooligosaccharides (NutraFlora®): Naturally occurring carbohydrates from sugar that promote healthy surface bacteria to protect the skin from harmful bacteria invasions.

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Gallic Acid (Plant): A skin brightener and lightener. Inhibits tyrosinase and decreases the synthesis of melanin. A phyto-chemical with anti-viral, antifungal, anti-inflammatory and powerful antioxidant actions.

Garcinia Indica (Kokum) Seed Butter: Helps regenerate skin cells and supports skin elasticity and general flexibility of the skin wall. It has been used traditionally in India to soften skin and restore elasticity. Rich in essential fatty acids (EFAs) which aid in cell oxygenation and make vitamins & minerals more available to tissues.

Garcinia Mangostana (Mangosteen) Peel Powder: Provides intensive antioxidant relief, very rich in Vitamin C and phytochemicals that protect the skin from disease and infection, promotes anti-aging effects.

Geraniol: A natural scenting ingredient derived from carrots, blueberries, blackberries and citrus fruits, provides antioxidant actions.

Gluconolactone (Sugar): A polyhydroxy acid that binds moisture to the skin’s surface, creates an occlusive barrier that acts like a shield, normalises keratinization, and protects from photo damage.

Glucosamine HCL (D) (Chinese Foxglove): Reinforces the strength of the skin, increases the natural content of glucosamine to improve the extra-cellular matrix of the skin, replenishes and firms.

Glucuronolactone (D) (Sugar): Enhances wound healing post peel, provides occlusive protection, reduces keratinization while also preventing photoaging.

Glutathione (L) (Amino Acid): A tripeptide antioxidant, it is depleted in the skin after UV exposure and is naturally reproduced in the skin, topical supplementation prevents UV damage and visible aging.

Glycerin*: Acts as a natural preserving agent, re-moisturises and lubricates the skin, promotes skin softness and smoothness. From various plants.

Glyceryl Monostearate: Creates a water in oil emulsion, acts as an emulsifying agent and thickener. From vegetables.

Glyceryl Ricinoleate: An emulsifying agent that is made of vegetable and fruit acids.

Glyceryl Stearate (Vegetable Fatty Acids)
: Lubricates the skin surface, emulsifies oils and liquids, softens the skin, attracts moisture from the atmosphere, acts as an ingredient stabiliser.

Glycolic Acid: Alpha hydroxy acid derived from rhubarb, smoothes skin and improves surface texture by relieving the skin of keratinized cells, improves cellular growth, relieves visible signs of aging including wrinkles and hyperpigmentation.

Glycyrrhetinic Acid
: Active principle of licorice, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, inhibits intercellular gap-junctional communication that encourages melanin synthesis.

Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract: Provides wound healing actions, reduces wrinkles, acts as an anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory, limits skin irritations and promotes skin lightening effects (reducing pigmentation spotting).

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Hamamelis (Hamamelis Virginiana) Water: Provides astringent (toning), soothing, anti-inflammatory, antifungal and antibacterial actions.

Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil*: A very lightweight oil that is rich in vitamins A and E, improves lipid content through the deposit of essential fatty acids, moisturises and regenerates the skin.

Hibiscus Sabdariffa Flower Extract (Hibiscus): Rich in antioxidants such as polyphenols, anthocyanins and flavonoids.

Hippophae Rhamnoides (Seabuckthorn) Kernel Extract: Highly nutritive, rich in Vitamin A, E, P and K as well as B vitamins, infuses the skin with essential fatty acids and phytosterols, promotes healing and the reduction of acneic activity.

Honey: Prevents infectious material from spreading into healthy pores through antibacterial and antifungal actions, attracts dirt and deadened cellular debris to provide cleansing actions that maintain clear skin.

Hydrastis Canadensis (Goldenseal) Root Extract: Provides anti-inflammatory actions, reduces the occurrences of skin ailments, soothes eczema and other skin irritations, heals skin lesions and eruptions while reducing scar tissue development.

Hydrogenated Palm Glycerides (Palm Oil): Creates a solid consistency, rich in fatty acid triglycerides.

Hydroxyethylcellulose: Plant extracts that naturally thicken cosmetic formulas.

Hydroxypropyl Cyclodextrin (Beta): Regulates solubility and stability of cosmetic formulas, improves the permeability of active ingredients. Vegetable source.

Hydroxypropyl Starch Phosphate: Naturally binds, emulsifies and thickens cosmetic formulas, minimises zinc and iron absorption.

Hypericum Perforatum (St. John’s Wort) Leaf*: Has been traditionally used for centuries as a treatment for wounds and burns. Also used externally as an anti-inflammatory, astringent, and antiseptic.

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Iron Oxides (CI 77491, 77492, 77499): Natural pigments used in cosmetics. Ancient colorants mined from the earth.

Iso Eugenol: A secondary ingredient derived from Cinnamon and Clove that provides antiseptic and analgesic actions while assists the skin in improving its natural UV absorption to reduce environmental damage.

Isodecyl Neopentanoate: a light-feeling, non-greasy ester with a silky touch on the skin. This material leaves the skin smooth, soft and supple. It improves spreadability, reduces tack and drag. From coconut.

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Jasminum Officinale (Jasmine) Oil: Improves elasticity, reduces stretchmarks and scarring, relieves skin irritations and sensitivities.

Jojoba Esters: Emollient, moisturising and non-greasy.

Juniperous Communis (Juniper) Fruit Oil*: Soothes skin sensitivities, reduces pore debris to relieve congestion, reduces inflammation, provides antibacterial actions while softening cellular debris to promote a smooth clear complexion.

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Kaolin (Clay): Absorbs oil and purges the skin of impurities such as dirt, oil and cellular debris, reduces the occurrence of breakouts.

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Lactic Acid (L) (Glucose): An alpha hydroxy acid that hydrates, exfoliates, refines and perfects the surface of the skin by reducing wrinkles and pigmentation discolourations.

Lactobacillus/Cucurbita Pepo (Pumpkin) Ferment Extract: Promotes even exfoliation by maintaining even hydration and bacteria that convert elements into lactic acid to re-hydrate the skin.

Lactobacillus/Punica Granatum Fruit Ferment Extract (Pomegranate): Rich in naturally occurring fruit acids, a great gentle exfoliant and has two/three times more antioxidant capacity than red wine and green tea, which is attributed to elevated polyphenol content. Antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and astringent properties.

Larrea Divaricate (Chaparral) Extract: Exhibits healing properties useful in first-aid products and blemish prone skin. Historically used as an antioxidant, pain-killer and antiseptic.

Lauroyl Lysine: An essential amino acid; anti-viral; effective in treating cold sores, imparts a beautiful silky texture.

Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Extract: Promotes cell regeneration and prevents cellular death, improves repair mechanisms to heal burns and wounds, regulates oil production, antiseptic and antibacterial.

Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil*: Soothing and calming, nurtures and eases skin discomfort, relaxes.

Lecithin: Non-GMO emulsifying agent.

Leontopodium Alpinum Meristem (Edelweiss Plant) Stem Cell Culture: Exhibits anti-aging properties that include firming and reduction of fine lines, antioxidant activity. Inhibits collagenase and hyaluronidase (two enzymes naturally found in skin that metabolize collagen and hyaluronic acid), thus limiting collagen and hyaluronic acid degradation and skin firmness loss. Edelweiss naturally contains anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective (ability to protect cells) properties. Has been clinically proven to reduce eye contour area wrinkle depth by 15% after only 20 days of treatment.

Leptospermum Scoparium Oil: Known as Manuka Oil, it is similar to tea tree, provides antibacterial, antimicrobial, antifungal and antioxidant activities to protect and restore the skin.

Levisticum Officinale (Loveage) Oil: Increases epidermal growth factors to increase keratinocyte production, anti-aging.

Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil: Antioxidant, rich in Vitamin E, non-greasy emollient.

Limonene (D): A phytochemical that restores skin tone and enhances the natural cleansing of the skin, provides scent and antioxidant protections. From citrus and pine.

Limonene: Abundant in pine and citrus essential oils, provides a natural citrus scent, rich in terpenes that protect the skin from inflammatory damage.

Linalool: Naturally occurring terpene alcohol that is derived from flowers like Bergamot and Rosewood, provides a natural scent.

Lonicera Caprifolium (Honeysuckle) Flower Extract: Stimulates the removal of toxins and waste materials to promote vibrant skin, rich in ochnaflavones that provide antiviral actions.

Lonicera Japonica (Honeysuckle) Flower Extract: Stimulates the removal of toxins and waste materials to promote vibrant skin, rich in ochnaflavones that provide antiviral actions, anti-inflammatory and anti-fungal properties.

Lycium Barbarum (Goji Berry) Fruit Extract: Improves skin immunity, expedites micro-circulation, rich in vitamins and minerals, provides super antioxidant actions.

Lycium Barbarum (Goji Berry) Fruit Extract (Instalift™ Goji GF): A glycopeptide that improves skin’s elasticity, skin tightening is immediate and when used regularly can lead to the reduction in facial lines and wrinkles. Contains more betacarotene than carrots and an astonishing 500 times more vitamin C by weight than oranges. It has over 19 amino acids, and is packed with Vitamin B1, B2, B6, and Vitamin E.

Lycopene
: A non Pro-vitamin A carotenoid that provides the strongest quenching action of singlet oxygen species, works best when used in combination with other antioxidants.

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Magnolia Grandiflora Leaf Extract (Magnolia): Antioxidant, UV protectant, prevents lipid peroxidation, reduces eye tissue by reducing swelling and strengthening weakened capillaries, which produce dark circles.

Malachite (Stone) Extract: Antioxidant rich in Copper with a strong protective action due to its radical scavenging activity against superoxide anion and detoxifying action, by its ability to stimulate glutathione reductase (an important cellular antioxidant).

Malic Acid (L): Derived from apples, provides antioxidant actions, assists in skin exfoliation and cellular renewal.

Malus Domestica (Apple) Plant Stem Cell Culture (PhytoCellTec™): Revolutionary break through ingredient in skin care to stop chronological aging. First topical product to protect human skin stem cells and delay natural aging process by maintaining the activity of skin stem cells. Triggers the skin’s cell potential for infinite regeneration while reducing wrinkle depth.

Malva Sylvestris (Mallow) Flower/Leaf/Stem Extract: Appropriate for all skin types, emollient, stimulates the moisture balance in the skin. Exhibits Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and calming properties.

Mandelic Acid (L) (Almonds): Improves hydration levels, draws moisture to the skin, provides antioxidant protection, antibacterial.

Manganese Violet (CI 77742): Natural pigments used in cosmetics. Ancient colorants mined from the earth.

Mangifera Indica (Mango) Seed Butter
: Remoisturises and provides highly antioxidant actions, promotes skin regeneration and healing.

Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Leaf Oil*: Highly antiseptic, provides natural preservative actions, heals breakouts, reduces infection, clears lymphatic fluid and pustular material to clear the skin, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory.

Melia Azadirachta (Neem) Leaf Extract: Provides intensive antibacterial actions to prevent the spread of infectious material associated with acne.

Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Oil: Provides astringent actions, soothes and cools the skin, assists in healing.

Mica (CI77019): Natural silicate mineral approved for cosmetic use, including the eye area. Mica is iridescent and reflective, imparting shimmer to product appearance.

Michelia Alba (Magnolia) Flower Oil: Provides pleasant scent.

Montmorillonite (Clay Minerals): A naturally occurring mineral clay containing 57 trace minerals is a powerful antimicrobial, reduces oil production over time, toxin absorbing, toning, tightening, prevents future breakouts.

Morus Alba (Mulberry) Bark Extract: Naturally brightens and clears the complexion of pigmentation imbalances (hyperpigmentation, chloasma etc.), soothes and restores the skins immunity.

Myristica Fragrans (Nutmeg) Kernel Oil: Encourages healthy circulation, fights inflammation, tones and provides antiseptic actions.

Myrtus Communis Leaf Extract (Myrtle Leaf): Stimulates micro-circulation to improve absorption and circulation.

MATRIXYL® synthe’6™
is the new and improved version of the popular Matrixyl family of ingredients. This new sophisticated advancement is a clean collaboration of notable ingredients that demonstrate through evidence based research and visual effect a reduction in the volume and depth of a wrinkle. In vitro studies strongly stimulated 6 major structural components of the skin.

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Niacinamide: Vitamin B3 improves oxygenation and ingredient absorption by stimulant actions that increase circulation and detoxification processes, assists in the utilisation of B vitamins.

Nonapeptide-1 (Melanostatine®5): Biomimetic peptide (amino acid chain) shown to reduce hyperpigmentation by preventing activation of tyrosinase and blocking melanin synthesis.

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Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil*: Rich in Vitamin E and Oleic acid which nourishes and balances lipid content of the acid mantle, improves absorption, re-moisturises the skin to relieve rough, dry textures.

Olea Europaea (Olive) Leaf Extract*
: Provides antimicrobial actions, improves circulation.

Opuntia Ficus-Indica (Cactus) Stem Extract: Soothes irritations, protects from environmental stress, provides long lasting deep hydration, firming.

Opuntia Tuna (Prickley Pear) Fruit Extract: Soothes and softens the skin, relieves sensitivities, protects from free radical damage caused by environmental stress.

Origanum Vulgare (Oregano) Leaf Extract: Provides antiseptic and analgesic action to limit skin discomfort and breakouts.

Oryza Sativa (Rice Peptide) Extract: Naturally balances oils while absorbing dirt and cellular debris from the pores, prevents wrinkles, targets and heals skin breakouts, smoothes and softens skin texture.

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Palmitoyl Dipeptide (SYN®-TACKS): Amino acids to improve collagen production and strengthens the dermal epidermal junction (DEJ) to improve structural strength, improves nourishment and cellular communication, anti-age and anti-wrinkle. Reduces wrinkle depth, modulates enzymatic process that deplete collagen formation, inhibits protein breakdown.

Palmitoyl Tripeptide-5 (SYN®-COLL): Amino acids to activate the TGF-beta growth factor to improve the synthesis of collagen, relieves wrinkles, moisturises and firms. Clinical trials have shown this ingredient to reduce and changes depth of wrinkles. Mimics body’s own mechanism to stimulate collagen in fibroblasts therefore compensating for collagen deficits and smoothing the skin.

Panthenol (D): Provitamin B5, moisturises and acts as a humectant to hydrate the skins surface, when used in combination with Allantoin it relieves burns and promotes tissue healing.

Papaver Rhoeas (Red Poppy) Petal Extract: Provides emollient and anti-inflammatory properties.

Passiflora Edulis (Passionfruit) Fruit Juice: Antioxidant, moisturising, anti-inflammatory, promotes skin rejuvenation and anti-aging benefits.

Pectin (Fruit): Infuses the skin with antioxidants and phytochemicals that assist in skin repair functions, protects from cellular damage and free radical assault, stimulates cell renewal and exfoliation mechanisms. Also used as a natural polymer that increases ingredient cohesion and water resistance.

Pelargonium Graveolens (Geranium) Flower Oil
: Antiseptic anti-inflammatory that relaxes the muscles and controls excess oil, stimulates the lymphatic system and encourages healthy circulation.

Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil: Rebalances lipid content and infuses essential fatty acids into the skin to aid in guarding against infection, rich in vitamins and minerals to nourish the skin.

Peumus Boldus Leaf Extract: Derived from an evergreen shrub, Peumus Boldus provides toning, antiseptic and stimulating actions that assist in clearing problematic skin while rejuvenating aged skin.

Phenethyl Alcohol: A watersoluble natural organic compound that is found in essential oils, provides preservative actions.

Phenoxyethanol:  An aromatic alcohol that provides product preservation. Broad spectrum anti-microbial activity, gram negative or positive bacterias, yeasts and molds. Non-irritating and formaldehyde-free bactericide and cosmetic formula stabiliser.

Phenyl-N-Butyl Nitrone (Spin Trap): An antioxidant that utilises unique mechanisms to capture free radicals and correct the molecular imbalance thus restoring stability to the reactive oxygen species to stop the destructive chain of free radical production. From carrots and potatoes.

Phospholipids (Plant Fatty Acids): Improves the permeability of the cell membranes to increase ingredient utilisation, improves barrier functions to protect from infection.

Phytic Acid (Plant): Natural antioxidant with anti-inflammatory properties.

Pisum Sativum (Pea Peptide) Extract (Proteasyl TP®): Firms and tightens the skin through the implementation of proteins and essential amino acids that promote the production of collagen, antioxidant, anti-wrinkle, promotes membrane lipid synthesis.

Plantago Lanceolata Leaf Extract (Plantago): Anti-inflammatory and healing effects on damaged skin, astringent properties.

Pogostemon Cablin (Patchouli) Oil: Excellent for treating acne and overactive oil, soothes and restores skin suffering from eczema, antibacterial, antifungal.

Polawax: Naturally thickens or thins the viscosity of a cosmetic formulation. Fatty alcohol from plant omega-3 (evening primrose).

Polyglyceryl-4 Caprate (Coconut Oil): Emollient agent to soften and soothe the skin.

Polygonum Cuspidatum (Giant Knotweed) Extract (Resveratrol): Dilates blood vessels to improve oxygenation, stimulates cell growth and slows enzymes that break down proteins to protect collagen structures, prevents UVB damage to skin cells.

Polysorbate 20 (Plant)
: Emulsifies oil into water, provides surfactant actions.

Potassium Cetyl Phosphate: A phosphorous compound that acts as a surfactant; an emulsifying agent.

Potassium Sorbate: A paraben free natural preservative for organic food sourced active ingredients.

Proline (L) (Amino Acid)
: Improves skin texture and aids collagen formation, slows the loss of collagen content within the skin as aging occurs.

Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil*: Lubricates to protect from chapping, rich in vitamins and essential fatty acids making it highly nourishing.

Psidium Guajava (Pink Guava) Fruit: Antioxidant and nutrient dense.

Pyridoxine HCL: Vitamin B6, metabolises proteins and promotes over 100 enzymatic actions some of which aid in the production of red blood cells and prevent stress related skin disturbances.

Pyrus Malus (Green Apple) Fruit Extract (Applephenon™): Shown to contain ten times the level of polyphenol found in ripe apples. Maintains youthful skin, rich in malic acid which refines and rejuvenates the skin, inhibits elastase (an enzyme that breaks down elastin protein) known to maintain healthy elastin fibers.

Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit: Puree rich in alpha hydroxy acid to maintain moisturised and evenly exfoliated skin.

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Retinol (Vitamin A): A fat-soluble antioxidant vitamin indicated in the treatment of acne due to its ability to separate dead skin cells from live skin cells thus expediting the removal of pore-clogging debris. Also effective in resurfacing skin texture and promoting collagen formation to reduce wrinkles.

rH-oligopeptide-1 (Epidermal Growth Factor): A polypeptide responsible for growth and repair of epidermis (cellular tissue healing). Stimulates growth of fibroblast cells responsible for collagen production and encourages production of hyaluronic acid. Stimulates various pathways that lead to tissue growth, strengthens tissue, assists in thickening over processed skin, improves cellular matrix.

Ribes Nigrum (Black Currant) Seed Oil: Encourages healthy microcirculation, assists in detoxifying skin tissues, promotes anti-inflammatory actions to relieve accelerated free radical damage, soothes.

Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil: Humectant & skin conditioning; creates a protective barrier against the elements. Excellent stability and dispersion characteristics.

Rosa Canina (Rose Hip) Fruit Oil*: Natural source of Vitamin C, promotes tissue growth, aids in the protection and production of collagen, soothes and restores.

Rosa Damascena (Rose) Flower Oil: An essential oil that heals and prevents viral infections, it is excellent for damaged skin of any skin type.

Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Oil*: Tones and conditions the capillaries, reduces redness associated with couperose, provides astringent actions and assists in skin firming.

Rubus Chamaemorus (Cloudberry Seed) Oil: Fruit bearing perennial plant related to the raspberry, rich in essential fatty acids, phytosterols and antioxidants, emollient.

Rubus Idaeus (Raspberry) Fruit*: Soothes skin irritations, slightly astringent, reduces inflammation to relieve discomfort, antioxidant, broad spectrum sun protection.

Ruscus Aculeatus (Butcherbroom) Root Extract: Activates lymphatic drainage, reduces excess fluids (anti-inflammatory), alleviates fatty inclusions (cysts).

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Saccharomyces/Xylinum Black Tea Ferment (Kombuchka™): Rich in polyphenols that assist in repair mechanisms, antioxidant, renews collagen, protects from cross-linkages, improves skin radiance, alleviates oxidative stress.

Saccharum Officinarum (Sugar Cane): Rich in hydrating and exfoliating acids that relieve the skin of dead surface debris.

Saccharum Officinarum (Sugar Cane) Extract: Naturally occurring alpha hydroxy acids to help promote smoother, younger looking skin by increasing the rate of cell renewal. Stimulates the lymphatic system to encourage detoxification and skin purifying. Exhibits astringent and tightening properties while relieving congestion and limiting excess sebum (oil).

Salicylic Acid: Beta hydroxy acid, keratolytic, anti-microbial, penetrates the pore wall to reduce active breakouts, renews and refines surface texture relieving wrinkles and skin imperfections by digesting dead skin cells.

Salix Alba (Willow) Bark Extract:  Natural source of salicylic acid (yielding 2%) used as an exfoliant, antibacterial, soothing anti-inflammatory (high in quercetin and rutin), analgesic, anti-irritant, antioxidant, anti-microbial, anti-viral and effective against acne-causing bacteria.

Salvia Sclarea (Clary) Oil*: Balances oil output to eliminate overly dry and oily complexions, antiviral, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory.

Santalum Austrocaledonicum Oil (Sandalwood): Calming, harmonic and balancing effect.

Totarol™: Provides preservative actions while acting as a gentle and non-irritating anti-bacterial ingredient in both gram positive and negative bacteria (propionibacterium acne is particularly sensitive to this extract), anti-viral, antioxidant, effectively reduces acne disturbances.

Silica: Helps reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and controls sebum for a smooth matte finish.

Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil*: Re-conditions the skin, balances surface lipids, chemically similar to human sebum making it appropriate for all skin types.

Smithsonite (Stone) Extract: Improves cellular protection against harmful effects of UVB, provides long term protection against environmental stress and pollutants.

Sodium Benzoate: Globally accepted natural preservative from salt offering broad spectrum protection in cosmetic formulations.

Sodium Chloride: Natural pH adjuster.

Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate (Coconut): A combination of coconut fatty acids and glutaminc acid that gently cleanse the skin without stripping and over drying.

Sodium Cocoyl Hydrolyzed Amaranth Protein: A natural, gentle, deep cleansing peptide and organic surfactant. Nourishes the skin, does not strip, imbalance or aggress the skin.

Sodium Decylglucosides Hydroxypropylsulfonate (Coconut): Soothing, smoothing mild sulfate-free cleansing agent, green-environmentally friendly.

Sodium Hyaluronate (L) (Sugar): Hyaluronic Acid from mucopolysaccarides, surges water deep into the skin which improves skin pliability and plumping to relieve fine lines, maintains healthy hydration levels, prevents transepidermal water loss.

Sodium Hydroxypropylsulfonate Laurylglucoside Crosspolymer: a mild surfactant based on sugar chemistry.

Sodium Lauroamphoacetate (Coconut Oil): an amphoteric organic compound used to condition hair, a cleansing agent (surfactant) and foam booster.

Sodium Laurylglucosides Hydroxypropylsulfonate (Sugar): A gentle, sulfate-free cleansing agent.

Sodium Methyl Cocoyl Taurate: A sodium salt of the coconut fatty acidamide of N-methyltaurine: a surfactant (cleansing agent).

Sodium NaPCA: Provides moisture retention and binding abilities, maintains soft, wrinkle free skin when used as a preventative tool, reduces visible wrinkles for corrective benefit.

Sorbitan Olivate: Fatty acids derived from olive oil, used as a natural surfactant (cleanser).

Solanum Lycopersicum (Tomato) Fruit Lipids: Natural source of lycopene, carotenoid, antioxidant efficient at protecting against free radical damage, protects skin from damaging effects of UV radiation.

Sorbitan Olivate: Fatty acids derived from olive oil, used as a natural surfactant.

Sphingolipids (Plant Fatty Acid): Rebalances the lipid content on the skins surface to repair weakened barriers, assists in preventing skin infections.

Squalane (Spanish Olives):  Emollient, moisturising, prevents water loss from the skin, antioxidant, protects from harsh environmental effects, and helps guard against UV radiation.

Stearic Acid: A saturated fatty acid that is derived from vegetable oils, used as a carrier for absorption.

Stevia Rebaudiana (Stevia) Extract: Bactericidal with reputed herbal cold-sore remedy.

Sucrose Stearate (Sugar): A mild, protective non-ionic emulsifier that is antimicrobial and disperses active ingredients efficiently.

Sulfur
: Used as a stimulant to healing, antibacterial, drying for oily and acneic skin and may exhibit cell-regenerating functions.

Superoxide Dismutase (Antioxidant Enzyme): Dismutates reactive oxygen species into water resulting in a reduction in free radical damage.  

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Tartaric Acid (L) (Grapes): Loosens cellular debris, dissolves inter-cellular glues that hold keratinized barrier cells to the skin.

Theobroma Cacao (Cocoa) Butter: A soothing emollient used for centuries in Africa as a skin care ingredient. Repairs and moisturise skin that has been exposed to the harsh environmental elements.

Thermus Thermophilus Ferment (Venuceane™): Inhibits damage from reactive oxygen species, protects natural defense enzymes, shields from UV damage, restores barrier lipids.

Titanium Dioxide (Mineral): Physically shields the skin from UV exposure, disperses damaging UV rays to limit photo aging, creates an occlusive barrier.

Tocopherol (D-alpha): Vitamin E, fatsoluble antioxidant that protects from oxidative stress, reduces wrinkles.

Tocopheryl Acetate (D-alpha): Oil soluble Vitamin E, protects the cell membrane from lipid peroxidation while preventing cellular death.

Tocotrienols (Vitamin E Complex): Antioxidant, UV protectant.

Trehalose Dihydrate (D): A sugar that helps the skin cells hydrate properly.

Trisodium Ethylenediamine Disuccinate: A biodegradable “green” universally accepted, award winning chelating agent. Improve stability of the product when exposed to air.

Tyrosine (L): A non-essential amino acid that is vital to the production of hormones that regulate metabolism and cellular health.

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Ubiquinone (CoQ10): Antioxidant actions that neutralise free radicals, assists in the production of Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) to optimise energy components of the cell, significantly reduces wrinkles.

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Vaccinium Macrocarpon (Cranberry) Fruit Juice: Provides antibacterial effects, nourishes the skin while protecting from free radical damage.

Vaccinium Myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruit/Leaf Extract
: Naturally occurring alpha hydroxy acids to help promote smoother, younger looking skin by increasing the rate of cell renewal. Stimulates the lymphatic system to encourage detoxification and skin purifying. Exhibits astringent and tightening properties while relieving congestion and limiting excess sebum (oil).

Vanilla Plantifolia Fruit Oil: Provides olfactory benefits through the natural fragrance of the essential oil.

Vigna Aconitifolia (Moth Bean) Seed Extract (Vit-A-like™): An anti-aging topical Vitamin A suitable for all skin types, including sensitive skin. Clinically proven to stimulate epidermal cellular renewal and growth factors in order to enhance collagen synthesis via fibroblast cells. Exhibits high tolerance and stability in skin care formulations.

Vitex Agnus Castus (Casticin) Extract: Phyto-Endorphin complex based on Monk’s Pepper for radiant glow, powerful antioxidants and moisturising factors fight against signs of aging.

Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract: Highly antioxidant, reduces irritation, provides antibacterial actions and assists in repair mechanisms.

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Wine Extract: Powerful antioxidant red wine concentrate with potent levels of polyphenols and anthocyanins.

Withania Somnifera (Ashwagandha) Root Extract: Used to enhance rejuvenation and longevity, reduces inflammation, heals, provides protection from free radicals.

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Xanthan Gum (Fermented Sugar): Natural thickening ingredient.

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Yogurt Extract (Milk): Antioxidant that scavenge free radicals and promotes healthy surface bacteria.

Yucca Schidigera Leaf/Root/Stem Extract (Yucca): Exhibits anti-inflammatory and antiviral activity.

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Zea Mays (Corn) Silk Extract: Non-GMO, provides a smooth texture and relieves the skin of excess humidity.

Zinc: An essential mineral found in skin cells, stimulates the activity of over 100 enzymatic functions such as DNA synthesis and wound healing.

Zinc Oxide (ZinClear™)
: A non-opaque Zinc Oxide that provides natural broad spectrum protection against both UVA and UVB.

Zinc Sulfate: Astringent, destroys harmful micro-organisms on skin, antibacterial, speeds healing of wounds, essential mineral found in skin cells, stimulates the activity of over 100 enzymatic functions such as DNA synthesis and wound healing.

Zingiber Officinale (Ginger) Root Oil*: Stimulates detoxification and micro-circulation, purifies blood and lymphatic fluid (expedites the healing of acne), provides antibacterial and antifungal actions.

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